Friday, December 20, 2019

Acknowledgements, Unified Bibliography

Acknowledgements: I thank Andrea Vitali and Lothar Teikemeier for important discussions on the issues raised here. My result is in many ways consistent with Lothar’s, as outlined on his site, and it is no accident that I cite thirteen of Andrea’s essays and books. I want also to thank Ross Caldwell, who read an early draft and helped save me (and Yale University) from a big blunder. He has instantly supplied me with whatever sources I needed about Marziano and with clarifications of his own views, contrary to mine, on the early tarot. My biggest debt is to Franco Pratesi, not only for his articles and notes but also for the gift of his time and expertise in email discussions and comments on earlier drafts, far beyond expectations. If nothing ese, regardless of the merit of my own work, let my bibliography be a guide to some of the best work on tarot history in the last fifty or so years.

Bibliography for both parts, including links to works accessible online (as of December, 2019)

ALCIATO, Andrea, 1544. Parergon Juris in VII libri posteriores, Lyon. 1547 edition online in Gallica.
AQUINAS, Thomas, 1920. (Latin original 1265-1274). Summa Theologiae, translated by the English Dominican Fathers, online at The Latin is at
BANDERA, Sandrina, and TANZI, Marco, 2013. "quelle carte de triumphi che se fanno a Cremona": I tarocchi di Bembo, Skira, Milan.
BERRY, John, 1987. “Book Review and Discussion, Tarot Symbolism, by Robert O'Neill”, Journal of the International Playing Card Society 15:3, pp. 95-99, posted at
BERRY, John, 2004. “The Tarot Myth”, The Playing-Card 32:6, pp. 225-227, posted at
BRUNETTI, D. Francesco Saverio, Giuochi delle Minchiate, Ombre, Scacchi, Et altri d ‘Ingegno. In Roma, Per il Bernabò, e Lazzarini, 1747. Quoted in Vitali, 2018a.
CALDWELL, Ross G. R, 2004. “Marziano da Tortona’s Tractatus de deification sexdecim heroum: Part 1”. The Playing-Card, 33:1, pp. 50-55. Online in “Ask Alexander” search engine.

CALDWELL, Ross G. R., 2007. “Giovanni dal Ponte and the Dating of the Rothschild Cards at the Louvre: Further Considerations”, The Playing Card 36:1, pp. 51-62.
CALDWELL, Ross Sinclair, DEPAULIS, Thierry, and PONZI, Marco, ed. and trans., 2010. Explaining the Tarot: Two Italian Renaissance Essays on the Meaning of the Tarot Pack, Maproom Publications, Oxford. Reprinted as con gli occhi et con l’intelletto: Explaining the Tarot in Sixteenth Century Italy,, 2019, partially online.
CALDWELL, Ross G. R., and PONZI, Marco, ed. and trans. 2019. Tractatus de deificatione sexdecim heroum: a Treatise on the Deification of Sixteen Heroes, by Marziano da Sant’ Alosio,, main citation online in Latin and English, Google Books.

CHAMBERS, D. S. 1970. Patrons and Artists in the Italian Renaissance, Macmillan, London. Selections in Google Books.
DECKER, Ronald, 1974. “Correspondence”. Journal of the Playing-Card Society, 3:1, pp. 23-24, 48. Online in “Ask Alexander” search engine.
DECKER, Ronald, 2013. The Esoteric Tarot: Ancient Sources Rediscovered in Hermeticism and Cabala. Wheaton, Illinois, Theosophical Publishing House. Cited passage online in Google Books.
DEPAULIS, Thierry, 2007. “Early Italian Lists of Tarot Trumps,” The Playing-Card 36:1, pp. 39-50, online at
DEPAULIS, Thierry, 2013a. Le Tarot Révélé, Swiss Museum of Games, La-Tour-de-Pelz, Switzerland.
DEPAULIS, Thierry, 2013b. “The Tarot de Marseille – Facts and Fallacies, Part II”, The Playing-Card 42:2, pp. 101-120,
DUMMETT, Michael, 1980. The Game of Tarot: from Ferrara to Salt Lake City, Duckworth, London. Relevant pages online at

DUMMETT, Michael, 1985. “Tarot Triumphant: Tracing the Tarot”, FMR no. 8, pp. 46-64. Online at
DUMMETT, Michael, 1986. The Visconti-Sforza Tarot Cards, George Braziller, New York.
DUMMETT, Michael, 1993. Il Mondo e l’Angelo. Selections, with trans., online at
DUMMETT, Michael, 2004. “Where do the virtues go?”, The Playing-Card 32:4, pp. 165-167. Posted at
FOLENGO, Teofilo, 1527. Chaos del Triperuno, Fratelli da Sabio, Venice. Transcribed and trans. by Anne E. Mullaney, link at
FRANCESCHINI, Adriano, 1993. Artisti a Ferrara in et à umanistica e rinascimentale. Testimonianze archivistiche. Parte I dal 1341 al 1471, Corbo, Ferrara. Excerpts trans. by Ross G. R. Caldwell at and
HOWARD, Michael S., 2014. “The Astral Journey of the Soul”,
JÖNSSON, Arne, “Card-playing as a Mirror of Society. On Johannes of Rheinfelden's Ludus cartularum moralisatus”, In O. Ferm & V. Honemann (Eds.), Chess and Allegory in the Middle Ages, Sällskapet Runica et Mediaevalia, Stockholm, 2005, pp. 359-371.

KAPLAN, Stuart R., 1978. Encyclopedia of Tarot, Vol. 1. U.S. Games Systems, Stamford, Connecticut.
KATZENELLENBOGEN, Adolph, 1964. Allegories of the Virtues and Vices in Medieval Art, from Early Christian times to the Thirteenth Century, trans. Alan J. P. Crick. W. W. Norton & Co., New York. Original work 1939.

MAGGIO, Emilia, 2014. “The Stag-Rider in the so-called Alessandro Sforza Tarot Deck”, The Playing-Card 42:4, pp. 221-236. Online in “Ask Alexander” search engine.
MAGGIO, Emilia, 2016. “New Insights into the So-Called Alessandro Sforza Deck,” The Playing-Card 44:4, pp. 257-268,
MOAKLEY, Gertrude, 1966. The Tarot Cards Painted by Bonifacio Bembo for the Visconti-Sforza Family, New York Public Library, New York. Online at various sites.
MURATORI, Lodovico Antonio, 1751.Dissertazioni sopra le antichità italiane, t. 2 (1751), Online, Google Books.
PRATESI, Franco, 1987. “Ferrarese Tarot in the 16th Century: Invective and Answer”, The Playing-Card 15:4, pp.123-131,

PRATESI, Franco, 1988. “Tarot in Florence in the XVI Century: its diffusion from
literary sources", The Playing-Card, 16:3, pp. 78-83.
PRATESI, Franco, 1989a. “Tarot in Bologna, Documents from the University Library”. The Playing Card 17:4, pp. 136-146,
PRATESI, Franco, 1989b. “The Earliest Tarot Pack Known”, The Playing-Card 18:2, pp. 33-38,
PRATESI, Franco, 1990, “Carte da Gioco a Firenze: il Primo Secolo (1377-1477)”, The Playing-Card 19:1, pp. 7-17,
PRATESI, Franco, 1993. “De utilité des jurons pour l’histoire du minchiate”, L'As de Trefle, n. 52, pp. 9-10,

PRATESI, Franco, 1998. “In Search of Tarot Sources, Part 2”. The Playing Card 27:3, pp. 111-116. Online at
PRATESI, Franco, 2015a. “1499-1506: Nuove Informazione sulle carte fiorentine", The Playing-Card 44:1, pp. 61-71, (trans.

PRATESI, Franco, 2015b. “"1450, 1473, 1477: Firenze – Leggi sui giochi”,, trans. at
PRATESI, Franco, 2016. “Altri Commenti sui Trionfi”,, trans.
PRATESI, Franco, 2017. “1501-1521: Carte da Perugia e città vicine",, trans. at
RENZONI, Nazario, 2012. “Some remarks on Germini in Bronzino's Capitolo in lode della
Zanzara”, The Playing Card 41:2, pp. 85-87. Online in "Ask Alexander" search engine.

SHEPHARD, John, 1985. The Tarot Trumps: Cosmos in Miniature, Aquarian Press, London
SBARAGIO, Lorenzo, and Tartuferi, Angelo, eds., Giovanni dal Ponte, protagonista dell'Umanesimo tardogotico fiorentino, 2016. Italia Giunti, Florence.
STEELE, Robert, 1900. “A notice of the ludus triumphorum and some early Italian card games: with some remarks on the origin of the game of cards”, Archeologia LVII, pp. 185-200, selection at
TEIKEMEIER, Lothar, 2004. “5x14 Theory–Spotlights”, (more on sidebar).

VITALI, n. d. (1). “Ganellini seu Gallerini Il gioco delle Minchiate a Genova, Roma e Palermo (secc. XVII - XVIII)”, with trans.
VITALI, Andrea, n.d. (2). “Farsa Satyra Morale: Sminchiata voise dir da sciocchi”, with trans. 
VITALI, Andrea, n.d. (3). “Lo Apesso” (“The Hanged Man”), with English translation (click on British flag top right of page),  
VITALI, Andrea, 1995a. “Il Matto (Il Folle)”,, with trans.
VITALI, Andrea, 1995b. “Il Bagatto”,, with trans.
VITALI, Andrea, 1995c. “L’Harmonia Celeste”, La Carovano dei Tarocchi: Storia, Arte, Magia, pp. 5-8,

VITALI, Andrea,2003-2017. “Il Principe inventore del Ludus Triumphorum - Nella Bologna dei primi del Quattrocento”, with trans.
VITALI, Andrea, 2005. “I Tarocchi in Letteratura I - I documenti più importanti” with trans.
VITALI, Andrea, and ZANETTI, Terry, 2005. Il Tarocchino di Bologna: Storia, Iconografia, Divinazione dal XV al XX secolo, Edizione Martina, Bologna.VITALI, 2007. “Il Malmantile Racquistato - Un Generale che amava troppo i Tarocchi”, with trans. 
VITALI, Andrea, 2009. “San Bernardino e le Carte da Gioco Carte regolari e trionfi nelle cronache sulla vita del Santo”., with trans.
VITALI, Andrea, 2018a. "Note allegoriche al Giuoco delle Minchiate -
Nel trattato di Francesco Saverio Brunetti - 1747",, with trans.
VITALI, Andrea, 2018b. “La Scala Mistica nel 'Sermo de Ludo': Un esempio del concetto ‘Ludendo Intelligo’ (Giocando Imparo)”, with trans.

WELCH, Evelyn S., 1995. Art and Authority in Renaissa
nce Milan, Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut. Relevant pages online in Google Books.

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